Diversification & Food Security through sustainable Agro-industry

Agriculture has been the bedrock of the Mauritius economy for decades. Starting from a monocrop sector, it is now fully diversified with over 711 tariff lines being produced locally and exported. While the industrial base of Mauritius has been considerably widened, the agricultural and agro-processing sector remains a vital pillar of the economy as sugar cane fields continue to dominate the landscape of the island. Keeping pace with the industrial development of the country, this sector has undergone substantial modernisation, transformation and diversification. For instance, the sugar industry has graduated into the cane industry with production of refined and special sugars, alcohol and rum, while high value-added horticulture, fruits and vegetables and a multitude of processed foods are now produced locally. 

The sector has been servicing the needs of the population for years but self-sufficiency nowadays stands at 23%. Today, the sector represents 3.3% of the national economy, with sugar cane cultivation and sugar production as prime activities. In its endeavour to reduce dependency on food imports, increase revenues and export earnings, government is actively encouraging agricultural and agro-industrial development with the introduction of budgetary measures which encourage import substitution, food processing, shelter farming,  as well as production of higher end products such as nutraceuticals. In order to promote exports of agricultural products grown in Mauritius, Government has extended the Trade Promotion and Marketing Scheme which offers a 40% rebate on air freight cost for exports of agro & agri products to Europe, Japan, Australia, Canada and Middle East.

3.9 %

GDP Contribution

Rs 19 Billion

Total Domestic Exports of Agricultural products





    Area harvested
    (hectares) 2021


    Production (tonnes)

    TEA(Green Leaves)


    Area harvested
    (hectares) 2021


    Production (tonnes)

    Food Crops


    Area harvested
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    Production (tonnes)

    • Technology-based farming

      The use of modern technologies is becoming omnipresent in agricultural cultivations. Technology-based farming for crop production englobes techniques such as hydroponics, aquaponics, shelter farming and vertical farming. It is a fact that the demand for vegetables produced through hi-tech systems is rising both at local and regional levels.

    • Nutraceutical: The Future of Intelligent Food

      To encourage the development of new growth poles, Government has initiated the development of a nutraceutical framework to give impetus to the nutraceutical sector which is emerging as a key industry in the world. Therefore, to establish the right ecosystem for the transformation of crops with high nutraceutical potential into value-added products, Government has introduced new measures. Hence, foreign companies investing in the nutraceutical sector will be granted an 8-years tax holiday.

    • National Agri-food Development Programme

      The Government has announced the development of an agri-food development programme towards strategic food crop production in line with local demand. The objective is to promote the Farm to Fork concept and ensure food security and reduce our dependency on imports by encouraging local investors/farmers to move up the value-added chain.  

      To achieve this objective, a centralised digital Land Bank of State and Private Agricultural Land will be set-up under Landscope Mauritius Ltd as a platform to connect landowners with potential agro-producers. Moreover, FAREI will develop the necessary standards and norms for production, storage, transformation and commercialization of super-foods.

    • Bio-Farming

      Increasing concerns of consumers on the negative impacts of agro chemicals on their health has led to a sharp increase in demand for fruits and vegetables produced through sustainable means. Government is therefore encouraging production of Bio products and is facilitating investment in this field. Moreover, the adoption of the Use of Pesticides Act by Parliament in 2018 gives more impetus to the development of a Bio-based agricultural industry.

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