- Technology-based farming:
Development of modern technologies has nowadays reached agricultural cultivations. Technology-based farming for crop production englobes techniques such as hydroponics, aquaponics and vertical farming. Demand for vegetables produced through hi-tech systems is rising both at local and regional levels.
The increasing concern of consumers on the negative impacts of agro chemicals on their health has led to a sharp increase in demand for fruits and vegetables produced through sustainable means. Government is encouraging production of Bio products and is facilitating investment in this field. Moreover, the adoption of the Use of Pesticides Act by Parliament in 2018 gives more impetus to the development of a Bio-based agricultural industry.
- Food processing:
The global increase in consumption of food products can be attributed to changes in lifestyles and the needs of consumers to experiment new cuisines, tastes and brands as a result of favourable economic and cultural transformation. The food processing industry encompasses manufacture of a range of products such as spices, pickles, chutneys, fruit pastes, jams, salted banana chips and frozen pre-cooked snacks with an authentic and unique Mauritian taste. Investment opportunities nevertheless exist in the transformation of agricultural products and livestock into value-added products for domestic, touristic and regional markets.
- Shelter Farming:
Shelter farming has the potential to increase agricultural production thereby reducing dependency on imports. It is also viewed as a means of addressing the limitations of traditional open-field fruits and vegetables production systems, particularly low and inconsistent crop yields and productivity. The Government has introduced several new measures in the agro sector to move up the product value chain, increase revenues andexport earnings and reduce dependency on imports:
- Shelter Farming
- 100 farms will be set up under a Sheltered Farming Scheme. These will be made available to eligible agripreneurs on a Ready-To-Operate basis.
- The Food and Agricultural Research and Extension Institute (FAREI) will extend technical assistance in terms of soil quality and other technical exigencies
- Land Data Bank
- A land data bank to map out all abandoned agricultural land will be implemented in an endeavour to bring back those land under cultivation with optimised yields.